Ports and Logistics
Major ports in Indian are well
connected by rail and road for speedy movement of cargo. The West
coast is ideal for export to Arabian Gulf, Mediterranean and African
countries; East coast ports are suited for exports to South Asian
and East Asian countries. Thus there is a significant saving in
freight for both Asian and African buyers. Due to number of ports
close to each other, in case of congestion on one port there is
a flexibility of choosing the port at a little additional cost.
The major ports are located
at Calcutta/ Haldia, Chennai, Cochin, Ennore, Jawaharlal Nehru Port
at Nhava Sheva, Kandla, Mormugao, Mumbai, New Mangalore, Paradip,
Tuticorin and Vishakhapatnam.
Kandla, a major port, is a natural
harbor situated on the Kandla Creek in Western India. Being an all
weather port aided by dry tropical conditions, it is ideally suited
for dry cargo round the year.
Kandla is the most active seaport
in West Coast of India. Kandla is well equipped with warehousing
and storage, cargo handling, trained labour and transport facilities.
Currently the average loading rate in Kandla is 4000-5000 MT PWWD.
Kandla port has 10 dry cargo berths, with a permissible draft of
9.2 meters and can accommodate vessels upto 30,000 tonnes alongside
The Port of Cochin is located
on the Willingdon Island at latitude 9 degree 58' north and longitude
76 degree 14' east on the south west coast of India about 930 k.m.
south of Bombay and 320 k.m. north of Kanyakumari (southern most
tip of India Mainland)
The approach channel upto the
Cochin Gut, is about 10 km. long with a designed width of 200m and
maintained dredged depth of 13.8 M. The permissible Draft is 9.14
Mumbai Port is situated almost
midway along the west coast of India and is gifted with a natural
Mumbai Port Trust has been accredited
ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System Standard by Det Norske Veritas
w.e.f. 10th October 2002 for the following service ranges : Integrated
Sea Port facilities for handling, storage and delivery of cargo/containers
and related services.
Visakhapatnam is the most ideal
East Coast port catering to South Asian and East Asian destinations,
with all facilities for efficient and economic operations. Visakhapatnam
port can accommodate vessels upto 35,000 tonnes DWT and 10.06 meters
draft at the inner harbour. Larger vessels from 50,000 - 150,000
tonnes DWT upto 16 meters draft can be handled at the outer harbour.
The port has 10 multipurpose berths at the inner harbour, besides
one mechanical handling berth.
Calcutta/ Haldia Port
This is one of the main ports
on the east coast.
The Calcutta dock system comprises
KPD, NSD and Baj Baj. There are 18 & 9 operational berths at
KPD & NSD respectively. Baj Baj has 6 wharves for liquid bulk.
There are 10 berths and 2 oil jetties at HDC. Haldia (HDC) Sagar
(SAC) and Diamond Heart provide excellent loading/unloading facilities.
These facilities have been developed on a stretch of over 150 Km.
of the river.
Paradip is one of the Major
Ports of India and is the main out-let and in-let of the sea- borne
trade of the eastern part of the country spread over States such
as Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar
and West Bengal. The natural resources and industrial products of
this wide spread hinterland are immense and the value of the Ore
trade of the country passing through the Port of Paradip is considerably
higher than many other Major Ports of India.
The Minimum draft available
is 11.5 m and can handle vessel upto DWT 50-60,000 MT.
Tuticorin Port is an artificial
deep-sea harbour formed with rubble mound type parallel breakwaters
projecting into the sea for about 4 km. (Length of North breakwater
is 4098.66 m, length of South breakwater is 3873.37 m and the distance
between the breakwaters is 1275m). The Port was designed and executed
entirely through indigenous efforts. The harbour basin extends to
about 400 hectares of protected water area and is served by an approach
channel of 2400 metres length and 183 metres width.
Strategically located very close
to the East- West International sea-route on east coast. It is well
connected by broad gauge rail & road with all Major cities and
The available draft is 35 Feet
and can accommodate vessels upto DWT 35000 MT.
Tuticorin was the first Indian
Port certified under ISO 9002 /94 standards during 1996.
Situated in the Coromandel coast
in South-East India, (13° 06'N Latitude and 80° 18'E Longitude).
The Entrance channel is 7 Km Long and The Width of channel gradually
increased from 244 meters to 419 meters at the bent portion, then
maintains a constant width of 305 meters. The depth of Inner Channel
is 18.6 meters below chart datum and Depth of Outer Channel is 19.2
meters below chart datum
The Chennai Port is well connected
with inland container depots at Coimbatore, Bangalore, Guntur, Anaparti,
Hyderabad and New Delhi. Weekly dedicated trains run on nominated
days from Chennai Port to IDC's.
This is ISO 9001:2000 and ISPS
Other ports which can be used
for trading of Agro commodity are Jamnagar, Mundra, Mangalore etc.